The difference between the Product Scope and the Project Scope is one of the most confusing topics in project management that often makes many people perplexed & it is difficult for them distinguish between these two terms.
I also often see in many PMP forums and in PMP group emails that people are asking questions such as what is the project scope and what is the product scope, etc. There are replies to this query, but many times the replies are not up to the expectation of the inquirer.
That is why I am writing this blog post to cover the whole concept describing the difference between the project scope and the product scope.
Please let me know if this explanation is up to your expectations.
The Project Scope includes all the work needed to be done to create a product, or deliver a service, or result. The Project Scope is all about the project, it defines the requirements of products, the work required to create the product, and defines what is in the scope and what not.
The Project scope is also known as scope statement or statement of the work.
The Product Scope is the characteristics, features, or function of the product, service, or result. It is the outcome of the project. The Product Scope is all about the product: how will it look like, how will it function, etc.
Got it? If not, don’t worry. Just keep on reading…
Let me explain this to you by our trademark school building example.
The client comes and asks you to construct a school building for him. He gave you his requirements like what would be the size of the school building, how many rooms it will have, size of the playground, number of toilets, color of painting, when he needs it, etc.
You take the project and start working on it. You make the plan, create the schedule, and estimate the budget.
Subsequently, you move on to the execution part. You bring workers to the site and start constructing the school building. You complete the project and verify with client that the school building is as per his requirements. Then you hand over the school building to the client, get the payment, and the project is closed.
In the above example, there are two parts: in the first part client asks you to make a school building for him and gives you his requirements (characteristics). This school building is the Product and the requirements for this product are known as Scope. Therefore, in the first part, what he gave you is the Product Scope.
In the second part, you work to construct the school building within the given time, and budget, meeting all the client’s requirements by following the project management plans. Lastly, you deliver it to the client. In this part, what you have done to construct the school building, is the Project Scope.
This was all about the Project Scope and the product scope. Now I believe that you can go for the PMP Certification exam with no worries about having any doubt regarding the difference between Project Scope vs Product Scope.
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