Risk Tolerance Vs Risk Appetite

A risk management plan depends on the stakeholders’ risk attitude, and the risk attitude depends on risk appetite, risk tolerance, and risk threshold

A risk is an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on one or more project objectives, such as scope, schedule, cost, and quality. 

A risk can be an opportunity or a threat. The positive risk positively affects project objectives, and the negative risk impacts them negatively. 

Risk management intends to increase the probability or impact of positive risks and reduce the probability or impact of negative risks. The strategy you will use depends on the behavior of your stakeholders

Risk Appetite Vs Risk Tolerance

Every individual behaves differently towards risks. Some may want to accept it, and others may want to avoid it. This behavior depends on their risk appetite and risk tolerance. Risk appetite and risk tolerance are related terms, but they are different.

An organization decides its risk appetite to decide how to manage risks. However, risk tolerance is determined on a case-by-case basis.

Risk Appetite

Appetite means hunger, and so risk appetite translates to risk hungry. 

According to the PMBOK Guide, “Risk appetite is the degree of uncertainty an organization or individual is willing to accept in anticipation of a reward.” 

Risk appetite shows how hungry an organization is to take risks. It is subjective, and you can’t quantify hunger. 

Some organizations can take a high risk if the reward is high. If they take risks, it means that their risk appetite is high, and the organization that plays conservatively has a lower risk appetite.

Risk Appetite Example 

Risk appetite can be rated from high to low.

Risk Tolerance

According to the PMBOK Guide, “Tolerance is the specified range of acceptable results.” 

Risk tolerance shows how much risk an organization or individual can withstand. A high-risk tolerance means they are willing to take on more risk, while a low tolerance is an opposite. 

Risk tolerance shows the risk attitude of stakeholders or an organization in measurable units. 

Several factors affect risk tolerance, such as how critical the project is, its impacts on profitability, and how the risk will affect customer satisfaction.

Risk tolerance is shown in limits; for example, 5-10% cost slippage is accepted. 

Risk Tolerance Example 

You are bidding for a project. Your rough order estimates say that the cost of this project is approximately 100,000 USD. Your organization cannot allow you to bid for more than 10% of this amount. 

This 10% is your risk tolerance limit.

Summary

Understanding risk appetite and risk tolerance will help you develop your risk management plan. Risk appetite is a tendency towards risks, and risk tolerance is an acceptable variance.